Inside and outside the hottest industry 40

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Inside and outside of industry 4.0

Microsoft's windows 10 and Apple's IOS 8.4.1 operating system have driven a new round of upgrading of PCs and. Various apps with the latest functions and the highest applications have flooded into our eyes. We live in artificial colors. After the excitement, we found that these seductive experiences have consumed so much time, and what we get is still the next round of upgrading

the industrial sector is also unwilling to be lonely. The Germans shouted out their own concept of industry 4.0 in an attempt to lead the next wave of manufacturing trends. Think calmly about it. There are several problems in it, but it is difficult for the Germans to do what they say. First, the technical system of industry 4.0 is composed of machinery, electronics and software. Germany's strength lies in machinery manufacturing, while few international leading enterprises in electronics and software rely on Siemens alone. Second, M2M machine to machine and CPS information physical fusion system are not weak in Germany, and their applications are relatively comprehensive, forming a strong material foundation for Industry 4.0. However, in Germany, only a few enterprises, such as SAP, play a leading role in some industries in terms of standards, software technology and systems that provide additional perceived quality and value links for products. If we take the world pattern as the general background, it will be a little pediatrics. Third, Germany's future scientific and technological research and practice are far behind the United States and cannot support the grand plan of industry 4.0. Let's put it this way, without American ideas, software and innovation system, and without Japanese electronics, production management and core technology, Germany can't play with the super chariot of industry 4.0

then why do Germans advocate industry 4.0 so high-profile? Find a way out. Among developed countries, only Germany's manufacturing GDP accounts for more than 25%, and the manufacturing industry determines the rise and fall of Germany, which in turn involves the advance and retreat of the European Union (Austria in the German speaking region is also similar, but its economic size is small, and its impact on the world manufacturing pattern is very weak). In line with employment and economic stability, the United States and other developed countries are emerging the wave of the return of high-end manufacturing, which poses a great threat to Germany's high-end manufacturing. The rise of China and other moderately developed countries is also devouring the tower base market dominated by German enterprises. Moreover, from the perspective of global education, culture, population, total market volume, innovation and other comprehensive factors, Germany's voice in the world is becoming weaker and smaller. After holding back for a long time, the German government and enterprises finally created a frightening industrial 4.0 paper tiger

conceptually, industry 4.0 is exaggerated and can be regarded as industry 2.0. At most, industry 3.0 is a high hat. Steam engine, electrical and automation, these three generations of industrial technology can be classified into one generation, why BR6? Because technological progress is cumulative, there is no subversive dramatic effect. However, coal-fired technology has improved, and the diversity of energy has increased. The changes perceived visually are far greater than the changes in the connotation of technology. To be precise, the steam engine, electricity and automation all have the same purpose: to replace people, to replace human muscle power with stronger machine power, and the rhythm and space of human activities become more open

now, with the advent of intelligence, relying on the unified platform of interconnection between equipment and equipment, factories and factories, industries and industries, countries and countries, and borrowing the timely communication and sharing of informatization, global resources can be effectively allocated. With less input, other software in the accounting system of operation control software is still running to produce greater output, which is still the most classic set of practices in economics. On the one hand, human beings are planning how to get more benefits from it, liberate people from mechanical labor, and give full play to their due creativity; On the other hand, we are faced with how to avoid disasters such as unemployment and prevent the resentment of the new generation of Luddites from accumulating massively. It was like a big fight between left hand and right hand

in practice, the relationship between people and the world is still at the level of taking: less input, more and better output. Mass production, while reducing the price of products, constantly improve the quality of products and services, ordinary people have been enjoyed by the rich in previous decades, which is a leap forward development of human dignity. Among them, technology, capital, process, assembly line and lean management have become the core driving forces for enterprise development, economic growth and people's livelihood progress. Even if China is a developing country, our happiness and pain are only related to material matters, and more to the material acquisition and distribution system. Although the super material generation machine of industry 4.0 has an obvious boost to fairness, justice and justice, it can not play a decisive role

ideologically, industry 4.0 does not address the contradiction between technological progress and adequate employment. The education level of many countries cannot keep up with the speed of technological progress, resulting in tragedies of machines replacing people. More advanced technologies and equipment, which produce higher productivity, GDP and wealth, are increasingly falling into the pockets of capital, entrepreneurs and highly skilled people. The faster the technological progress, the greater the social income gap. If we forcibly help the vulnerable groups, it will lead to social laziness, greed and corruption. Obviously, the concept of industry 4.0 does not propose a package solution centered on the employment and dignity of ordinary people. For a country with a high-level labor force like Germany, it may not hurt much, but for many underdeveloped countries, will industry 4.0 be a blitz that destroys the foundation of industry and people's livelihood

the profits of manufacturing industry are too thin, and the attention of capital, talents and society is far less hot than that of artificial intelligence and information technology industries. Therefore, the manufacturing industry is also thinking about how to use new technology to transform itself, improve profitability, and get the favor of capital. On several production lines of industrial robots, a set of management software for automatic information processing was added, and when they got involved in the field of B2B or B2C e-commerce, they shouted loudly that they had entered the new world of industry 4.0. XiangZhuang danced his sword with the intention of Peigong, which can be seen by anyone with a clear eye

if we divide industry 4.0, many of our enterprises are still on the edge of 2.0 and 3.0, even industry 2.5. So how can we go from 2.5 to 4.0? The first step is to widely use embedded systems. Every machine and system has an intelligent brain to execute production and management instructions. I'm afraid this cost will be at least trillions of yuan. We need to tighten our belts for decades with the extensive use of carbon fiber composites on the aircraft to pay the investment cost. Who will do it? The second step is to introduce an automated management system and transform the existing management mode, decision-making mechanism and social division system. This is a big movement of the whole society. Who has such great determination and patience? The third step is to form globally accepted software and hardware standards, so as to give play to the great synergy between industry and region in domestic and international production capacity. How much appeal and influence does it need

industry 4.0, regardless of true or false, it is not easy to move. It needs huge financial power, technological progressiveness, industrial voice and cultural dominance. Among these four aspects, the United States is the most powerful. Why not shout for Industry 4.0? The manufacturing industry is only about 10% of the U.S. GDP. Even if it returns with great efforts, it will rise to about 12% at most, which is not enough to change the internal quality and external pattern of the U.S. economy. Moreover, the United States firmly grasps the power of software systems and innovation mechanisms, waiting for other countries to practice industry 4.0, and then they wait for an opportunity to catch up while wantonly seeking profits

should we follow up? Heart, don't rush to action, let alone move. Industry 4.0 not only has high requirements for technology, equipment and systems, but also has high expectations for education and culture. It needs such an education system to cultivate a large number of versatile talents who are proficient in a technology, familiar with interdisciplinary fields, have good artistic and literary literacy, and show high leadership and management ability. Our score based education system needs at least several generations of hard transformation to have the opportunity to continuously cultivate such talents. Without such versatile talents, even if you are given all the software and hardware required by industry 4.0, you cannot solve the big problems of talent, efficiency, employment and equality

shall we just wait for the opportunity of industry 4.0 to disappear? It's not so frustrating to say less fashionable concepts and do more in front of you. For manufacturing enterprises that focus on standardized products, it is still necessary to do a solid job in process management, process improvement, quality control and product design, do a good job in the basic skills of industry 2.0, and step by step towards industry 3.0. This is not only not humiliating, but also can solve many employment problems. Industry 2.0, craftsman spirit is the first

for storage logistics, high-end manufacturing and other enterprises, they must keep up with the pace of industry 3.0, aim at the big goal of 4.0, and truly carry out some transformation of strategy, process, organization and management in terms of internal automation process design and application, external industrial chain information docking and strategic cooperation. Technology and equipment can only be used by people, and human efficiency is determined by the organization behind it

our vision should go beyond the narrow vision of technological concepts and explore the universe of industrial pattern, organizational management and strategic choices. With 1.3 billion people and more than 60 trillion GDP, such a big game of chess and a few more industrial 4.0 vehicles and artillery will only satisfy our thirst for a moment and cannot achieve our endogenous ability to win chess. Based on the basic manufacturing of industrial products 2.0 and 3.0, and focusing on creating the innovation mechanism, education system and innovative cultural environment required by industry 4.0, our generation has made a good start, and the baton is steadily passed from generation to generation. No matter whether the new concept of 5.0 or 10.0 pops up in the manufacturing industry, we can definitely stand in the forefront and benefit the world with the integration of Oriental wisdom, Western technology and management

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